Chinese nickname: multi re Jia Franca
English alias: Touriga Franca
Touriga Franca is a red grape variety. Its foreign name used to be called Touriga Francesa. This variety is the most widely planted grape variety in Douro valley, and its planting area accounts for one fifth of the total grape planting area in this area.
So far, there is no proven relationship with France, and it seems to be a younger grape variety from the Duro River region. In the Duro River, this variety is very suitable for growing in the local warmer south-facing slope, it can be used to brew Porter wine, but also can be used to brew Duro River wine. Doriga Franca is considered one of the best grape varieties for making Porter, but its wine concentration is not comparable to that of Touriga Nacional. This variety has a stable yield and is very popular with growers. Besides, the wine produced by this variety has a pleasant aroma and a long-lasting fruit flavor, which is loved by winemakers.
In addition, the Tras-Os-Montes planting area is also very extensive. Today, the breed is slowly spreading to other areas of Portugal, such as Estrema-Dura, Ribatejo and Terras do Sado. In 2004, the total planting area of the variety in Portugal was about 14,000 hectares, four times that of the domestic Dorega.
Chinese alias: Doriga
English alias: Touriga Nacional
Typical aromas: strawberry, blackcurrant, blueberry, mulberry, cherry, dried plum, walnut, violet, pine, clove, caramel, coffee, dark chocolate and smoky.
In Portugal, Touriga Nacional is the most popular grape variety for making Porter wine and is increasingly becoming the most popular variety for making quality dry red wines (not just in Portugal). In the Douro Valley and Dao region (probably the origin of the variety), the small Torrega is very low-yielding, producing wine with deep color, thick tannins and high concentration.
Torrega is vigorous, but is prone to low Fruit-setting rates, where each vine may produce only 300 g of fruit, making it unpopular for grape growers. Therefore, in the middle of twentieth Century, the variety was almost extinct. Later, a great deal of effort was spent on the cloning and selection of this variety, and new clonal varieties were developed, which were more productive and had higher average sugar content.
Torrega now accounts for 2% of the total area of grapes planted in the Duro River region, but it accounts for at least 20% of the total area of red wine in Duo. Dorega also slowly spread to other parts of southern Portugal, including Estremadura, Ribatejo and Alentejo. In 2004, Doriga's total planting area in Portugal reached 3500 hectares. It is also grown in Australia (although Dorega is not the best clone here) and Spain, and is expected to appear in other countries.
Touriga Nacional is a native Portuguese variety and is the best choice for blending Porter, which was used to make Porter as early as the 18th century.
Touriga Nacional is a kind of early maturing grape. Its grapevine is very luxuriant and leaves are numerous. Grapes are compact, thick skinned, concentrated in dark blue. It grows very fast and adapts to a variety of environments, but it is best grown in rocky soils on high slopes. The wine is very dark in color, with heavy fruit, aromas and tannins. It is smooth and supple and can be aged for many years.
Since each vine yields only 9-10 ounces (about 4.4 pounds), less than one-second of the other major grape varieties, it accounts for only 2% of the Douro Valley vine. Due to the scarcity, so expensive, most of the Porter wine domestically produced Doriga is relatively small, only the first-class Porter wine will be used in large quantities.
English Name: Tinta Roriz
Chinese Name: Luo Lihong
Country of origin: Spain
Tinata Roriz is a classic Portuguese Duro grape variety, but it is also the only non-native grape variety not originated in Portugal. Red rose, originated in Spain, is called templanera in Spain. Luo Lihong is quite easy to change in temperament among many top grape varieties. Luo Lihong's growth momentum is good, and its yield is medium, which is very tolerant to high temperature and drought. It grows on the Southern Water scarp slope. Such a geographical location can maintain the growth of Luo Lihong, while avoiding the disease of rot.
Luo Lihong's grape skins are thick and the wine is very dark. The acidity of wine is not very high, its body is strong and strong tannin is very strong. It has good complexity and excellent resin aroma.
English Name: Tinta Barroca
Chinese Name: Barrow C Cran
Barrow C Cran (Tinta Barroca) is a red grape variety. Douro Valley, Portugal's main crop, is the third largest in the local area. The variety is high yield and high sugar content, and is loved by local wine growers. However, it is vulnerable to intense sunlight, which causes fruit to shrink.
As a raw material of Potter's wine, it is far from homemade and more excellent than that of Luo Lihong. Although it has a certain texture, but the taste is viscous, rough, so often used as a blend of Porter wine varieties.
In addition, Barrow C Cran has also been widely promoted in South Africa. In South Africa, the variety is known as Tintas Das Barocca. The difference is that in South Africa, this variety is often used to brew single brewed wine.
English alias: Muscadelle
Planting area: Australia, South Africa, France
Muscadelle is the third most famous grape variety brewed in Bordeaux and Bergerac (Bergerac), apart from Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc. The breed is particularly prosperous in Baer.
The status of Bergerac in Bordeaux is more important than that in the United States. In 2000, Mikadai planted a total area of 2,000 hectares in France, including 1,200 hectares in Gironde. In the Gironde region, most of the Miskadai are not grown in the Sauternes'extraordinarily sweet white wine producing areas, but in a number of secondary sweet white wine producing areas, such as Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux and Cadillac, which are widely distributed between the two seas (Enter-Deux-Mers). Dillac), Loupiac and Ste-Croix-Du-Mont. This variety is also the best material for making the best quality Mon Bacci Ark (Monbazilllac) wine.
The variety, native to Bordeaux and not related to any member of the musk family, has a slightly grape flavor like them. The leaves of this variety are relatively late, mature earlier, and yield is higher. Sometimes Mikadai is used to make strong single-tasting wines, but most (almost all) of them are blended to add vibrant fruit to the sweet white wines of southwestern France, just as Monier does in champagne.
In Eastern Europe, the variety is widely planted, but not much. In Australia, Miskadai is also known as Tokay, where it is used to make a particularly good single wine, Liqueur Tokay. This oak made wine is dark in color and thick in mouth and suitable for drinking after meals.
Over the years, Australians have treated Mikadai, the winemaker, as a Hungarian grape. In 1976, French grape varietalist Paul Truel confirmed that the variety was Mikadai. In Australia, it serves a dual purpose: in Riverland and elsewhere, it is used to make lower-quality meals; in northeastern Victoria, it is used to make fortified wines. In Vitoria, the area is relatively stable, which is about 175 hectares.
English Name: Muscat (Moscatel)
Chinese Name: musk
Country of origin: Africa.
"Moscatel" is the name of (Muscat) in Portugal and Spain. This name can be used to refer to grape varieties as well as wine. "Moscatel de Grano Menudo" means Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains; Moscatel de Alejandria and Moscatel Romano are the other two names for Muscat of Alexandria; "Moscatel Rosado" is a unique grape variety in South America; "Moscatel Rosado"Moscatel Rosado" L de Malaga "is a local specialty in southern Spain. In addition, in Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, most of the grapes simply called "Moscatel" actually refer to Alexander Muscat grapes.
Moscate grape is a variety of Muscat grape. It is named for Muscat Rose in the Sherry region of Spain. It was originally grown in Africa and is now grown in the grape growing area of the world. In the Sherry region of Spain, it produces high quality white and sweet white wines in the Sherry region. It grows best near the sea. In Portugal, it is used as the main ingredient for strengthening moscatel de Setubal and port wine. Quite flavour.